The Tomb of Ramesses VI and the Schutzbild Scene

 
This page is gives a brief presentation of  (1) a labeled illustration of the Shutzbild Scene which is present in this tomb, (2) a table showing details of its parallels with the Book Revelation, and (3) a figure showing the tomb's unique relationship to the Book of Revelation.

 
 

This scene is called the Schutzbild Scene; its accompanying text shares a number of distinct similarities with the text of Rev. 7:1-3. Our only record of it is found in the tomb of Ramesses VI.

 
 
 

The following table presents comments on similarities between elements in the illustration and those in Revelation. Translations of the Egyptian text are from John Darnell's book, The Enigmatic Netherworld Books of the Solar-Osirian Unity, 2004. Comments on the Egyptian texts are based on Darnell's research presented in his book.

 A single * indicates the central portion of the above figure.

A double ** indicates  the right portion of the figure.

 
 
 
 
 
Revelation 7:1-3
* Rev. 7:1a After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, ...
 
Translation of Egyptian text
** “It is this deity [the sun-god at dawn] who will call, in order that they [ the 4 serpents *] might come forth ... to perform shnw-protection”.
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Comment:
In this case, it is the deity with two serpentine legs  who is standing at the right hand side of the scene
(**). He is "calling" to his own centrally located, circular manifestation (*) f
rom which four protective (fire-breathing) serpents emanate as described in Rev. 7:1b.

 
 
* Rev. 7:1b ... holding back the four winds of the earth, ...
 
Comment: Here (*) we find an example of the Egyptian practice of using phonetic similarities in the form of puns to reveal hidden, sacred meanings. This practice was based on the sacred nature of the Egyptian language wherein such similarities indicate a  real relationship between the two words – or even an equivalence; a single word (or hieroglyph) could mean two different things at the same time. In this scene, the ancient Egyptian word for “enemy” was atu  while that for  “wind” was the similar sounding word, athu. Thus, the central scene's four enemy figures  may be viewed as a visual puns for “four winds," as in Rev. 7.

 
 
* Rev. 7:1c ... that no wind might blow on earth or sea or against any tree.
 
Comment: The four serpents in the picture (*) are spitting fire against four enemy figures (= Revelation’s four winds in Rev. 7:1a as above).

 
 
** Rev. 7:2a. Then I saw another angel ascend from the rising of the sun, with the seal of the living God,
 
Comment: This "angel" (**) stands near the right side of the scene next to the mountainous, speckled representation of the eastern horizon. His head is formed by a large circle which, along with the eastern horizon, identifies him with the juvenile form sun-god Re as he rises into the sky his form of Khepri at dawn. His two legs form protective serpents while the accompanying text says his arms are hidden within his head, the solar disk.

 
 
** Rev. 7:2b ... and he called with a loud voice to the four angels [*] who had been given power to harm earth and sea.”
** Rev. 7:3.  saying, “Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God upon their foreheads.”

 
"When he [**] calls, the damager of the earth [*] is held back, they coming forth”.
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Comment:  This suggests that Re's Khepri form on the right side near the eastern horizon (**) calls to its central manifestation (*) to hold back the four enemy figures to which had been given the power to damage the earth. This interpretation of Rev. 7:2b conforms with the words spoken in Rev. 7:3.

 
 


Significance of the parallel with the Schutzbild Scene

The tomb of Ramesses VI is the only known known source of the Schutzbild Scene (although some parts of it are similar to other Egyptian sources). This is significant because  this scene' s location is situated in the tomb close to and in line with the series of other parallel scenes in the tomb; its location in the tomb conforms with the series of parallel scenes in the Book of Revelation.

 
  
 
 
This illustration shows similarities between the layout in the tomb of the various divisions of Egyptian books and chapter numbers in the Book of Revelation. These similarities fall into two series -- first is the Amduat Series and the second is the  Book of Gates Series.
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Comparisons arranged according to corresponding sequence positions in Revelation
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(1). Important elements of the opening scenes described in Rev. 1-4  are represented on the walls of Halls D-E.

(2) Rev. 5-9 are are to a great extent represented on right side of Halls F-G.

(3) The Schutzbild Scene, which parallels Rev. 7:1-3, is located in Hall G over its inner doorway. It is most likely related to a scene described in Amduat 6-11.

(4) Parallels to Rev. 10 are found in Amduat 5  on left (opposite) wall of Hall G near the entrance to Hall H (and the Schutzbild Scene which leads toward the Sarcophagus chamber).

(5) Parallel series to Rev. 11-12 are found in the series of scenes on the walls and ceiling of Hall I, the Sarcophagus Chamber.

(6) The series of parallel scenes in Rev. 13-14 are found on the outer portion of the left side of Halls F-G.

Note: At this point, Revelation's parallels in the tomb switch to the outer portion of the tomb, beginning near the tomb entrance.

(7) The flow of scenes in Rev. 15-17 corresponds to that of parallel scenes in chapters 1-12 of the Book of Gates in Halls A-E, beginning near the tomb's entrance.

(7) The closing scenes described in Rev. 20-22 contain elements corresponding to certain scenes in the Books of the Heavens on the ceilings of Halls C-E.

 
 

     The above figure shows two separate series of scenes in the tomb which conform with the content and location of the organization of similar scenes in the Book of Revelation. Part of the Amduat series of scenes (and their parallels in the Book of Revelation) are split by references to the Schutzbild scene; this scene was apparently unique to the Tomb of Ramesses VI and separates left and right portions of the Amduat. The Book of Gates series is found on the left side of the outer portion of the tomb while that part of the tomb which separates the Book of Gates and the Amduat (Hall E) conforms neatly with the location of the opening and closing scenes of the Book of Revelation.


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