Egyptian Parallels
Revelation's seven "letters"

The second chapter of Revelation begins with words of instruction to the author:

"To the angel of the church in Ephesus, write:"

Revelation then records seven different "letters",
one to each of seven different "churches".
These seven letters were dictated to the author and recorded in Chapters 2 and 3 of Revelation. Six contain parallels to elements found in a group of chapters in the Book of the Dead (Chapters 108-110,112-115) while one (addressed to "the angel of the church in Thyati'ra" and recorded in Rev. 2:18-28) has parallel elements found in the 5th Division of the Book of Caverns.

The following is a partial list textual elements found in the seven letters which have parallels in the Egyptian sources.

I know ... (Rev. 2:2,9,13,19; Rev. 3:1,8,15)
I know your dwelling place (Rev. 2:13)
I know your works (Rev. 2:2,19; Rev. 3:1,8,15)
I know those with false credentials (Rev. 2:2,9; Rev. 3:9)
I know ... those who rebel (many references)
Fornication and Eating Sacrificed Food (Rev. 2:14, 20)
The Conquerors (Rev. 2:7,11,17,26; Rev. 3:5,12,21)
Arrival of a deity (Rev. 3:11)
Deceased is to be judged like the One on the Throne (Rev. 3:21)
Confession of Deceased Before the Throne (Rev. 3:5)
Deceased Claims Share in Throne (Rev. 3:21)
Reference to the devil/Satan (Rev. 3:9)
Promise of No Second Death (Rev. 2:11)
Gift of the Tree of Life (Rev. 2:7)
Gift of White Garments (Rev. 3:5a)
Maintain Name in the Book of Life (Rev. 3:5b)
Become a pillar in the temple (Rev. 3:12 )
Eating in the presence of God (Rev. 3:20)
Gift of hidden manna (Rev. 2:17)
Gift of a white stone with a secret name (Rev. 2:17)
Gift of the morning star (Rev. 2:28)
An open door (Rev. 3:7-8)
He who has an ear, let him hear ... (Rev. 2:7,11,17,29; 3:6,13,22)


1. A significant number of elements of the letter to the church in Philadelphia (Rev. 3:7-12) follow a sequence which is very similar to that of parallel elements in Chapter 115 of the Book of the Dead.

2. A significant number of elements in the letter to the church in Thyatira (Rev. 2: 18-28) form a contiguous grouping of parallel elements in 5th Division of the Book of Caverns.

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