Of all ancient Christian texts, the Book of Revelation is the most enigmatic and few authorities agree on the meanings of much of its complex symbolism while very few publications compare it to ancient Egyptian Sources — and these have been piece-meal. In contrast, this book presents a detailed account of the results of the first comprehensive, in-depth comparison of Revelation’s many characters, symbols, and stories with the religious texts, beliefs, symbolism and historical events of ancient Egypt.


* Practically all characters and groups of characters in the Book of Revelation have counterparts in the Egyptian pantheon.

* Almost all events in Revelation have parallels in ancient Egypt’s religious sources.

* Major events such as the battle of Aramageddon (Rev. 16), the war between the Harlot and the kings (Rev. 17), the millennium and the resurrection and judgment of the dead (Rev. 20) and practically all the apocalyptic events have parallels.

* Less prominent events, such as the opening of the scroll (Rev. 5), the holding back of the four winds by four angels (Rev. 7) and the singers by the lake of fire who sing the song of Moses (Rev. 15) have parallels in Egyptian texts.

* The contents (beliefs, events and structure of the letters to the seven churches (Rev. 2-3) have counterparts in Egyptian sources.

* Many scenes and events in the Book of Revelation parallel important historical events, primarily during Egypt’s 2nd Intermediate Period (1640-1542 BCE) as well as religious and historical writings from the 18th Dynasty (1550-1307 BCE) during the Egypt’s New Kingdom.

* The overall organization, structure and details of the Book of Revelation parallel the arrangement of texts painted on the walls and ceilings of a single tomb in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings.

* The body of evidence presented in this book leads to the conclusion that the writing of the Book of Revelation was strongly influenced by Egyptian sources and that the book is very likely of Egyptian origin.

The Book of Revelation has been, and remains to be, the most enigmatic off all books in the Christian Bible, especially with respect to meanings embodied in its complex symbolism. This study clarifies this symbolism through detailed comparison of almost all it's the text and symbols with similar texts and symbols in the religious texts of the ancient Egyptians.
             Readily recognizable parallels to major scenes in Egypt's religious texts. For example, parallel segments from the Book of Aker were found in Revelation 11 while parallel portions of the Books of the Heavens were found in Revelation 12. Even references the famous Victory Hymn of Thutmosis III seems to be included. Furthermore, many of the apocalyptic images in Revelation were found to have parallels in several Egyptian religious documents. Parallels are also found in the extensive use of similar phrases and words based on Egyptian homonyms or near homonyms (
paronomasia), a common practice in ancient Egyptian religious writings.

             Parallels also include the judgment scene, the sea of glass before the throne of God, the seven spirits of God, the lake of fire, the second death, and many others. Studies on the attributes of the main characters in Revelation reveal either identical or close parallels in the Egyptian pantheon. For example, Revelation’s Lamb finds its parallel in the juvenile form of the sun-god, Re; God Almighty on the throne is paralleled by Osiris, the god of the Egyptian Netherworld; and Christ is paralleled by Egypt's Horus, the son of Osiris. Even the enigmatic number "666," the so-called "mark of the beast," has a counterpart  in the name of Seth, the Egyptian god of evil.

            Parallels to sequences of events involving Revelation's characters have have been found in Egyptian texts. The sequence of events found in in the 5th through 14th chapters of Revelation follows a similar sequence in the Egyptian book of the Amduat while the sequence in the 15th to 21st chapters of Revelation resembles the sequence found in the Book of Gates. Most remarkably, the Book of Revelation has the structural organization similar to the texts and pictures found on the walls and ceilings of a single tomb in Egypt.

            The extraordinarily high concentration of extraordinary parallels between the two sources makes it very difficult to envisage anything other than an Egyptian origin of the Book of Revelation.


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