(Revised  March 3, 2014) 


 New perspectives on the Book of Revelation
the religious texts of ancient Egypt


This book, by John H.C. Pippy, explores a possible connection between Christianity’s Book of Revelation and ancient Egyptian religious texts such as The Amduat, the Book of Gates, Books of the Heavens, Book of Caverns, Book of the Dead, Book of Aker and the Book of the Divine Cow . Several
 secular sources were used in this study.

Remarkably similar texts and scenes, as well as detailed and extensive parallel series of  scenes and events can be accounted for in Egyptian sources. The overall organization of the main scenes found in the Book of Revelation is similar to a single source in the Valley of the Kings. A few brief examples are mentioned on this page; these and others are expanded elsewhere on this site.

Similar Ceremonies
Details of the Revelation's throne scene conform with the painting and textual descriptions of the opening scene of Egypt’s Book of the Dead. The description of the opening of the scroll in Rev. 5 is similar to that found in the 6th Division of the Amduat while details of the ceremony are found in Chapters 125 and 126 of the Book of the Dead.

Similar apocalyptic Events
Most natural catastrophes described in Revelation conform with similar events mentioned in several of Egypt’s religious and secular documents. These catastrophes also conform with events described in Egyptian texts, events which known to have been caused by the eruption of the volcano on the Greek island of Santorini during the 17 century BCE.

Similar Sequences of Events
A number of sequences of events described in Revelation conform with sequences of events described in various Egyptian sources. For example, a sequence of scenes in the 2nd to 12th Divisions of the Book of Gates is similar to one identified in Revelation’s chapters 15-21. Another example of a parallel sequence involves events described in pictures and texts of the Land of Sokar described in both Egypt’s 4th Division of the Amduat and the story of the “1st” and “2nd” beasts, the image of the beast, and the false prophet in Rev. 13. Evidence is is presented that the flow of scenes in the Book of Revelation conform with the organization of pictures and texts on the walls and ceilings of an Egyptian tomb.

Similar Characters
Descriptions of deities and other characters in the Egyptian records were compared with descriptions and attributes of almost all the characters in the Book of Revelation. These were not only found in similar texts and scenes but also in detailed similar series of  scenes and events in the two sources. Furthermore the sequence of these scenes
in the Book of Revelation conformed with sequence the appearance of similar characters found Egyptian sources.

Details of these results and a variety of other types of similarities suggest that Egypt’s most important religious texts played a role in the composition of the Book of Revelation.



-- 663 pages, 6x9"
-- Black and White
-- 134 figures (including 5 maps), 26 tables,
-- 6 appendices,
-- 2 Indexes: Revelation & General
-- Index

Hard cover -- ISBN: 978-0-9812570-3-7

Paperback -- ISBN: 978-0-9812570-4-4


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